For the past decades, the Philippines witnessed a grave deterioration of its natural resources. This is due to rapid population growth and uncontrolled, access to natural resources, specifically on public lands and water. In addition, natural disasters such as typhoons, floods and landslides destroy valuable agricultural lands; a situation which will most likely be aggravated by climate change. The destruction of forests and coral reefs, loss of biodiversity and degradation of crucial watersheds greatly affects the rural communities. A large portion of the rural population depends on natural resources for their livelihood. Half of them continue to live below the poverty line; whereas poverty is notably problematic in the upland.
In response, the Governments of the Philippines and Germany conceived the Environment and Rural Development (EnRD) Program in 2005. The main objective of the program is to improve the livelihood of the poor rural population through better management of land and water resources. This is done through capacity building of rural development agencies and local governments. Program interventions consist of technical advice to and capacity building of partners, studies and pilot projects for improved management of natural resources.
‘Ridge to Reef’, an integrated ecosystem management (IEM) approach – elaborated in the knowledge product SIMPLE – is applied by EnRD’s partners to reduce poverty by promoting rural development and the sustainable use of natural resources. This comprehensive approach enables local government units (LGUs) to manage well their entire territory from the uplands down to the coastlands, and apply improved natural resource governance systems.
In close cooperation with EnRD partners and other GIZ supported projects in the Philippines, various knowledge products were developed to document the joint experiences and describe tested processes that lead to improved natural resource management at local level.
The EnRD program is jointly being implemented by the National Convergence Initiative (NCI), composed of the Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.
EnRD also provides technical assistance to the reconstruction and rehabilitation in Yolanda affected areas by supporting the formulation of rehabilitation and implementation of immediate priorities of LGUs. Livelihood measures in agriculture and fisheries contribute to the stabilization of the social and economic life based on disaster and vulnerability assessments. CLUPs will be reviewed to increase the resilience towards future hazards. Information on all these processes are widely shared to support the coordination between LGUs, national government agencies and the donor community.
As a federally owned enterprise, GIZ supports the German Government in achieving its objectives in the field of international cooperation for sustainable development.
Discover more about the EnRD Program, our regional interventions and learn more about our components. Hover to the main map from left of the page to find out the results of our program interventions and implementations across Regions.
Feel free to read, download and access our knowledge products, get a glimpse of galleries of pictures, watch videos and see quick facts of our program by clicking the side bars on the right of the page. Various materials are sorted as slideshow, photos, video and publication.
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